The PSLV-C37 lifted off successfully in the morning today and placed all 104 satellites, including the country's earth observation satellite Cartosat-2 series, in orbit.
The earlier record for the most satellites ever launched was 37, which was set by Russian Federation in 2014. The PSLV took off at 9:28 am (0358 GMT) and after reaching a cruising speed of 27,000 kilometers per hour (16,777 miles per hour), ejected all 104 satellites into orbit within 30 minutes, ISRO said.
The remaining 101 co-passenger satellites carried were worldwide customer satellites from United States of America (96), The Netherlands (1), Switzerland (1), Israel (1), Kazakhstan (1) and UAE (1). The PSLV-C37 included the Cartosat-2 series, 101 worldwide nano satellites, as well as the INS-1A and INS-1B - two of its ISRO's nano satellites. It was necessary to use ISRO's most powerful rocket, XL Variant that was previously used in Chandrayaan and during the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) for this record-breaking launch.
Along with the two satellites of ISRO and other 101 global superfine (nano) satellites to be launched, which also has a total weight of 664 kilogrammes.
ISRO has so far launched 226 satellites, and of that 179 were from foreign countries.
But experts see these as just the first step in the direction of developing a reliable launch system for the delivery of heavy satellites into different orbits.
"Spoke to the Secretary of Department of Space and congratulated him and the entire team of scientists on (Wednesday's) exceptional achievement", Modi said.
Multiple satellite launches with a PSLV rocket is not new for ISRO, having launched 20 satellites on June 22, 2016.
The Cartosat-2 satellite weighs 714 kg and has a mission life of five years.
The Indian government has increased the budget for its space programme this year and also announced plans to send a mission to Venus. Satellite launches happening in pairs will be recorded on-board, then transmitted after to Sriharikota.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised the launch in a series of tweets.